Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen
Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen (Feodora Victoria Auguste Marie Marianne) was born at Potsdam, 19 May 1879.
was the only child of Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his wife Princess Charlotte of Prussia. Feodora was the first great-grandchild of Queen Victoria.
She was regularly neglected by her mother, Charlotte, and often looked after by her grandmother, Empress Frederick. Charlotte often referred to Feodora as “stupid”, which upset her grandmother.
The latter once wrote to her own mother, Queen Victoria, expressing her concern for Feodora’s upbringing.
In early October 1897, Feodora’s betrothal with Prince Heinrich XXX Reuss Younger Line (1864–1939) was announced.
At Breslau on 26 September 1898 Feodora married Prince Heinrich. They had no children.
Feodora suffered from a lifetime of ill-health, believed to be porphyria, inherited from her maternal great-great-great-grandfather George III of the United Kingdom. That diagnosis followed medical tests carried out on her remains and those of her mother.
Feodora Reuss spent her last years at the Sanatorium Buchwald-Hohenwiese, Kowary, near Hirschberg, Silesia; the hospital being close to the home she had made with her husband at nearby Schloss Neuhoff. Tiring of years of illness and dubious treatment - and possibly also in reaction to the Potsdam Conference ceding part of Silesia to Poland - she committed suicide at the age of 66 on 26 August 1945.
Olympias was the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of the Molossians, a tribe in Epirus, and sister of Alexander I. Her family belonged to the Aeacidae, a well-respected family of Epirus, which claimed descent from Neoptolemus, son of Achilles.
Olympias apparently was originally named Myrtale. Later she may have been called Olympias as a recognition of Philip’s victory in the Olympic Games of 356 bc. Philip’s polygamy did not threaten her position until 337, when he married a high-born Macedonian, Cleopatra. Olympias withdrew to Epirus, returning after Philip’s assassination (336). She then had Cleopatra and her infant daughter killed. Olympias quarreled repeatedly with Antipater, regent of Macedonia during the early years of Alexander’s invasion of Asia, and eventually retired again, about 331, to Epirus. Upon the death of Antipater in 319 (Alexander had died in 323), his successor, Polyperchon, invited Olympias to act as regent for her young grandson, Alexander IV (Alexander the Great’s son). She declined his request until 317, when Antipater’s son Cassander established Philip II’s simpleminded son Philip III (Arrhidaeus) as king of Macedonia. The Macedonian soldiers supported her return. She put to death Philip Arrhidaeus and his wife, as well as Cassander’s brother and a hundred of his partisans. In response Cassander entered Macedonia and blockaded Olympias in Pydna, where she surrendered in the spring of 316. She was condemned to death by the Macedonian assembly, but Cassander’s soldiers refused to carry out the sentence. She eventually was killed by relatives of those she had executed.
Both were controversial characters in history. They are the characters Hollywood loves to hate, but the truth is different than what people may think;
- Marie Antoinette established a home for unwed mothers, the “Maternity Society,” mentioned above.
- The Queen adopted three poor children to be raised with her own, as well overseeing the upbringing of several needy children, whose education she paid for, while caring for their families.
- Every Sunday, Marie-Antoinette would personally take up a collection for the poor, which the courtiers resented since they preferred to have the money on hand for gambling. The queen supported several impoverished families from her own purse.
- Anne offered patronage to a number of clergymen, many of which would later play a significant role in the Elizabethan Church. Chief amongst these was Matthew Parker, who was secured the post of dean of refounded collegiate church of Stoke by Clare, in Suffolk by Anne. Parker later alleged that he owed Anne a huge debt for her aid. Parker was the first Archbishop of Canterbury of Elizabeth I’s reign
- Anne was not in favour of the dissolution of the monasteries. Instead she advocated that the wealth of the church be redeployed for educational programmes for the clergy. Her views on this were so fervent that it was believed to have been the cause of a quarrel between herself and Cromwell in early spring 1536. This may have been the factor that turned Cromwell against her.